The “Galileo 2000 Prize – A Life for Music” was found in 1996 by an idea of the Lawyer Alfonso De Virgiliis, accepted and shared by the Superintendence of Maggio Musicale Fiorentino theatre.

The aim is to support and promote a music event that is the expression of the artistic continuity during the time.

It is made up of the following points:
-Match, in the same music event, a young artist (the Pentagramma d’Oro) to an international, well known performer (the Giglio d’Oro).
-Choose the “Young” artist, belonging to the concert or to the dance field, who will play with the international worldwide artist in performing a concert or a classical or modern ballet.
-Insertion from the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino theatre, in the next two seasons, of another concert or performance of the “Young” artist, in order to concur, once again, to the consolidation of the artist's skills.

Since who loves music must necessarily love peace, after a long tradition of musical prizes to the most famous leading personality in the field, Galileo 2000 Prize has been awarded even to an international figure, who, with his own deeds, personal, moral commitment, has helped realizing peace in the world.

Therefore, in 2003 “Galileo 2000 Special Prize for Peace” was found, and his first winner was Shimon Peres.
But music is culture and peace needs a cultural growth to best impose itself.
In 2004, “Galileo 2000 Special Prize for Culture” has been found. The first prizewinner is Jack Lang.

The year 2005 is the inaugural year of the “Fondazione Premio Galileo 2000” and of a new and additional recognition, that of “Freedom of Thought” awarded to Bernard - Henri Lévy.

In 2006 the Award celebrates its tenth anniversary, which has lead to the aknowledgement of the event by the Italian Republic's President of High Patronage and to other new sections:
Dance Prize and Special Prizes Leonarda "Woman Genius" and Leonardo "Man Genius".